Monday, November 17, 2008

AMP Turns 1!



We made it back to Ecuador after an enjoyable, if busy, time running up and down the West Coast of the United States. The Amazon Mycorenewal Project has reached its first birthday and what a year it has been! To commemorate, we had ourselves an AMP board meeting in Northern California with lots of tasty food and lively conversation. I wanted to thank all of our team members, both here in Ecuador and back in the States for all of their fantastic support in helping us get to and participating at speaking events, feeding us occasionally and focusing their considerable collective brain-power to steer our endeavor in the proper direction.


So far, the data that we have gathered has been qualitatively focused. We are now in the midst of designing our third experiment, which will apply what we have learned from obsevering our previous work and with an intent to do intensive chemical analysis and get a quantitative picture of our mycoremediation process. For the past year, our efforts are best described as a feasability study, examining the potential pitfalls and regionally-specific parameters that anyone applying this technique on a grand scale would be wise to account for.


Our qualitative picture of our system is encouraging. We have successfully grown heathy mycelium and mushrooms on concentrations of up to 40% aged petroleum. The application of oyster mushroom spawn to contaminated soil has drastically reduced the odor of petroleum as compared to sites where spawn was not added for control. This observation is important, because the toxic fraction of crude oil are the Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and they are the same compounds you encounter when your city is repaving roads on a hot day. These stinky vapors eventually off-gas and leave behind a largely inert substance we call asphalt, or more specifically asphaltenes. When I say inert, I mean they are not as bioavailable to the living systems they share proximity with and thus, the reduction of oily smell is an indication of a reduction in these same PAHs. Supporting this hypothesis is the difference between fungal-treated contamination layers and controls to the touch. Controls (without mycelium) were still sticky to the touch and smearing our latex gloves months after the experiment began, while those that had spawn added were dry to the touch. This further bolsters the our supposition that the PAHs have been significantly reduced, since the presence of PAHs in a sample of petroleum results in a liquid state at normal temperatures.


None of this is the final word on our work, since we still need extensive chemical analysis to support our hypothesis. Luckily, we feel confident that we are ready for this important phase and we have worked out some of the "bugs" in previous experiments. These include providing adequate shelter and security for that shelter and site, refining our technique of acclimating spawn to oil-metabolizing, remediation site design, questions about reinoculation and avoiding biological contamination in a diverse, tropical environment.


As the Amazon Mycorenewal Project enters into another year of work, we hope to focus on skill-transfer with our partners in Lago Agrio and the codifying of all we have done so that research can continue in affected areas with a reference onhand. Since there are many types of contamination throughout the Sucumbios Province, we presently feel that the potential for success with mycoremediation in the Amazon focuses on oil-saturated sediments, of which unfortunately there is no shortage.


Like all nonprofit endeavors, we are working within a limited budget and will ultimately need additional funding to continue fleshing out the most efficient and appropriate applications of mycoremediation in the Amazon, not to mention continuing the education of community leaders on its use. Our sponsoring organization, Cloud Forest Institute, is a registered 501c3 nonprofit that will gladly accept donations of any amount to support our work here. Additionally, grant recomendations can be sent to me directly at the email located on this blog.


Finally, I want to thank all of my readers for following our work where ever you are and for your words of support. Thanks!


38 comments:

手上 said...

成人圖庫,口交技巧,成人18,自慰方法,Fleshlight,情色自拍貼圖,成人情色貼圖,少婦自拍,一夜情聊天,本土av,色情av,av圖片,色情聊天,成人情色網,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,080視訊聊天室icandy,情色少女貼圖,免費視 訊聊天網,av女優18,免費線上視訊fm358,avdvd免費AV女優,女優王國,做愛,無碼影片,情色交友

12三 said...

很用心的blog,推推哦 ........................................

lady said...

哥倫布:「勇於追求新的地平線就是冒險家。」加油!! ....................................................

星美 said...

adult成人情色激情成人聊天網情色影片色情俱樂部性愛影片情趣淫水影音情色限制級照片live show女生自慰影片超屌成人情色留言板淫亂女自慰免費視訊辣妹巨乳鹹濕色情影音聊天自拍走光照片免費情色av圖片亞洲情色論壇淫慾免費裸女圖片裙底風光台灣色情論壇一夜正妹淫娃網情色下載a圖片全裸淫蕩女人情色影音聊天高潮自慰色情圖片成人自拍女生自慰亞洲成人色情dvd舔乳頭女生自慰影片台灣色情網站台灣性樂園sex story情色影音激情聊天室嘿咻情色自拍

洪彬彬 said...

先告訴自己希望成為什麼樣的人,然後一步一步實踐必要的步驟。........................................

于芷奇名 said...

Cool blog網愛聊天室色情網站交友找啦咧免費影片成人笑話成人圖庫sexy女同志聊天室愛戀情人用品情趣爽翻天咆哮小老鼠入口85cc6k脫衣人妻sexy85c脫光光taiwansex淫女情色成人男女做愛美女做愛脫衣秀a片正妹淫蕩色情後宮040185c85c77p2p77p2p性幻想手淫18禁

Marleen2087 said...

很用心的blog,推推哦 ........................................

Phuong said...

喜樂的心是健康良藥,憂傷的靈使骨枯乾。........................................

家祥皇雯 said...

非常感謝~3Q~....................................................

姿婷 said...

Actions speak louder than words. ........................................

俊君 said...

文章不求沽名釣譽,率性就是真的......................................................

韋于倫成 said...

Birth is much but breeding is more. 加油! ........................................

韋成 said...

找一個懂妳的人也期許自己做一個人懂別人的人..................................................

雲亨Ab9雲亨 said...

Two heads are better than one. ............................................................

SadeRa盈君iford0412 said...

世間是非,要如水泥地般水過則乾。...............................................................

SadeRa盈君iford0412 said...

你不能決定生命的長度,但你可以控制它的寬度................................................................

向霖 said...

Where did you purchase this product?..................................................

GlenS_Mielke12嘉偉17 said...

生存乃是不斷地在內心與靈魂交戰;寫作是坐著審判自己。......................................................................

思翰思翰 said...

河水永遠是相同的,可是每一剎那又都是新的。......................................................................

萱祥 said...

成熟,就是有能力適應生活中的模糊。.................................................................

王名仁 said...

當一個人內心能容納兩樣相互衝突的東西,這個人便開始變得有價值了。............................................................

原秋原秋 said...

Poverty tries friends.............................................................

冠廷 said...

相逢即是有緣~~留個言問候一聲,祝您平安順利............................................................

姿柯瑩柯dgdd憶曾g智曾 said...

來看你了~心在、愛在、牽掛在,幸福才會繁衍不息^^............................................................

淑娟淑娟淑娟 said...

希望我的支持可以帶給你快樂--加油.............................................................

建佑建佑 said...

喜歡你的部落格,讓人流連忘返............................................................

宮惠如宮惠如 said...

鞋匠能作好鞋子,因為他只做鞋,不做別的。..................................................

蕙春蕙春 said...

知識可以傳授,智慧卻不行。每個人必須成為他自己。. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

李威昌v彥霖 said...

你不能改變容貌~~但你可以展現笑容.................................................................

楊燕沛楊燕沛 said...

Learn wisdom by the follies of others.............................................................

陳林美純易南 said...

在莫非定律中有項笨蛋定律:「一個組織中的笨蛋,恆大於等於三分之二。」. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

謝俊林奕宏宏 said...

愛情是一種發明,需要不斷改良。只是,這種發明和其他發明不一樣,它沒有專利權,隨時會被人搶走。.................................................................

高黃吉軍向婷 said...

Care killed the cat. take care yourself.............................................................

家唐銘 said...

教育的目的,不在應該思考什麼,而是教吾人怎樣思考......................................................................

冠陳儒 said...

愛情不是慈善事業,不能隨便施捨。.................................................................

佳皓佳皓佳皓 said...

你的部落格不錯哦,我來享受一下~~..................................................................

彬彬哲宇 said...

感謝你的分享 要繼續發表好文章喔..................................................

祁聿雨 said...

Subtlety is better than force. ......................................................................